Open strategic autonomy Deglobalisation Global value chain Critical raw materials EMU

This is the non-technical summary from the ECB occasional paper published in March 2023 by the international Relations Committee workstream on Open Strategic Autonomy. This report was extensively presented by Isabel Van Steenkiste, Director General for International Affairs ECB, during an event at the National Bank of Belgium, June 12th, 2023.


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Bfw digitaal editie7 2023 5 artikel international relations committee